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Legal Glossary

  
Description
Acquittal
The legal and formal certification of the innocence of a person charged with a crime.
Adjudication
The judgment reached in a judicial procedure.
Adversary System
A judicial system in which opposing parties present their arguments in a case before a trial court.
Affidavit
A written statement originally made under oath before a notary public or other authorized official.
Affirm
The ruling of an appellate court that the judgment of a lower court is proper and should not be overturned
Allegation
An assertion made by a party in a court proceeding which must be proved or supported with evidence during the trial.
Answer
The defendant's response to allegations in a case.
Appeal
The party appealing a lower court decision or judgment to a higher court.
Appellant
The party appealing a lower court decision or judgment to a higher court.
Appellee
The party against whom an appeal is filed.
Arraignment
The court appearance of a person accused of criminal behavior to hear the charges against him or her and to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty.
Bail
Security, usually in the form of money or property, exchanged for the release of a jailed person to insure his or her appearance in court.
Bailiff
An officer from the sheriff s department who maintains courtroom order and jury custody.
Bar Association
A collective body of attorneys qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction, such as the American Bar Association, or Kentucky Bar Association.
Bar Association
A collective body of attorneys qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction, such as the American Bar Association, or Kentucky Bar Association.
Brief
A written or printed document prepared by counsel to file in court, usually setting forth both facts and law in support of a case.
Brief
A written or printed document prepared by counsel to file in court, usually setting forth both facts and law in support of a case.
Case
Any proceeding action, cause, suit, lawsuit or controversy initiated through the court system by filing a complaint, petition or indictment.
Case
Any proceeding action, cause, suit, lawsuit or controversy initiated through the court system by filing a complaint, petition or indictment.
Case (Capital)
A criminal case in which the death sentence may be imposed.
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