Cases are categorized into broad groups and narrow categories for the purpose of reporting. Cases are grouped according to Jurisdiction (Circuit or District) as well as configuration (Civil or Criminal). Cases that may be filed in Circuit Family Court rather than General Circuit or District Court depending on the location of filing are grouped together in the Domestic Relations and Juvenile Groups. For reporting specific to each jurisdiction, please see the reports of Caseload by jurisdiction (Under construction).
Implementation Date: The earliest date that statewide caseload data for all types of cases is available is 7/1/2002. Any case category with a more recent implementation date is indicated below, along with the category in which such cases were categorized prior to this implementation.
Circuit Civil: Civil (non-criminal) cases (actions) heard in Circuit (general jurisdiction) Court, excluding those related to Family Law (see Domestic Relations and Juvenile categories below).
- Administrative Board Appeal: A petition for review of a decision of a state agency.
- Appeal Civil: A complaint regarding a ruling made in a civil case in District (limited jurisdiction) Court that the Circuit Court is called upon to review and possibly reverse.
- Appeal Criminal: A complaint regarding a ruling made in a civil case in District (limited jurisdiction) Court that the Circuit Court is called upon to review and possibly reverse.
- Foreclosure: A civil proceeding to terminate a borrower's interest in a property.
- Implemented 2-26-2008, previously categorized as Civil Suit.
- Civil Suit: A civil action involving matters involving more than $5,000 and pertaining to contract, personal injury, property damage, land title, right of way, condemnation, or medical malpractice.
- Other Circuit Civil: Any other non-criminal, non-Family Law case heard in Circuit Court.
Circuit Criminal: A case initiated by grand jury indictment or by prosecutor's information including at least one felony charge as well as any other related charges. Felony Charges are punishable by incarceration greater than one year or by death.
Domestic Relations: Family Law cases involving civil actions among family members or cases of a similar nature (See Interpersonal Protection).
- Adoption / Termination: A case related to the severing of legal ties between parent and child, or the establishment of legal parenthood for a child. Family Court
- Domestic & Family: A civil hearing involving annulment, separation, divorce, and or child support.
- URESA / UIFSA: The interstate determination of paternity or enforcement of child support, referring to the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act or the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.
- Implemented 7-10-2003, previously categorized as Domestic & Family.
- Domestic Violence: A civil petition for protection from violence or abuse filed against a family member.
- Domestic Violence Petitions Denied: a case indicating that a domestic violence petition was denied prior to the filing of a summons or emergency protection order. These cases were not reported here prior to 2020.
- Implemented 8-3-2007, previously categorized as Domestic Violence.
- Interpersonal Protection: A civil petition from violence or abuse filed against a non-family member.
- Implemented 12-15-2015, previously categorized as Domestic Violence.
- Interpersonal Protection Denied: A case indicating
that an interpersonal protective petition was denied prior to the filing of a
summons or emergency protection order. These cases were not reported here prior
- Implemented 12-15-2015, previously categorized as Domestic Violence Petitions Denied.
Juvenile: Family Law cases pertaining to minor children, typically heard in District (limited jurisdiction) court in locations not having a Circuit Family Court jurisdiction.
- Abuse/Neglect: A dependency action alleging the injury of a child's wellbeing by either maltreatment (abuse) or omission of care (neglect) by a parent, guardian or other person exercising custodial control or supervision.
- Dependency: (No-fault Dependency) A civil action to determine whether a child is receiving improper care, custody control or supervision that is through no fault of the parent, guardian or other person exercising custodial control or supervision.
- Paternity: A case related to the establishment of the identity and/or responsibilities of the father of a minor child.
- Status: A case alleging the commission of a non-criminal offense that is only illegal for minors.
- Delinquency: A case alleging the commission by a minor of an offense that would be considered criminal if committed by an adult.
- Other Juvenile: Any other case pertaining to a minor; such as emergency or involuntary hospitalization, self-consent abortion, name change, or juvenile case not otherwise specified.
District Civil: Civil (non-criminal) cases (actions) heard in District (limited jurisdiction) Court excluding those pertaining to Family Law (see Domestic Relations & Juvenile categories above).
- Disability & Health: Actions addressing competency, involuntary treatment, or custody pertaining to mental health or substance abuse.
- Probate: Actions related to the processing or settling of estates, guardianships, curatorships, trusts, and name changes.
- Forcible Detainer: An action by a landlord to regain possession of property from a tenant (eviction).
- Small Claims: An action to adjudicate claims involving $2,500 or less.
- Other District Civil: Any other non-Criminal, non-Family Law case heard in District Court. These matters involve less than $5,000.
District Criminal: A case heard in District (limited jurisdiction) Court involving the alleged violation of state law by an adult.
- Felony: The initial hearing in District Court of any criminal case involving at least one Felony charge and any other related charges. Felony Charges are punishable by incarceration greater than one year or by death.
- Misdemeanor: A criminal case involving any number of non-traffic related misdemeanor or violation charges, but no felony charges.
- Traffic: A criminal case involving any number of traffic-related felony, misdemeanor, or violation charges.
District Prepayable: Criminal cases in which all charges filed are those that a defendant may elect to pay the minimum fine and court cost instead of appearing in court.
- Pre-payable Misdemeanor: A prepayable case involving no traffic-related charges.
- Pre-payable Traffic: A prepayable case involving at least one traffic-related charge.